ナレッジベース KB0201

KB0201:.NETアドインのプログラミング中にWindowsサブクラスを使用する方法

問題

Windowsのサブクラスを使用するMicrosoft Office向けの.NETアドインを開発しましたが、このアドインと別のアドイン(think-cellなど)を実行するとOfficeがクラッシュすると顧客から報告がありました。

解決策

この問題の原因は、多くの場合、NativeWindow.AssignHandle / NativeWindow.ReleaseHandle を使用したサブクラス化です。

その代わり、こちらの Microsoftのブログ投稿に記載されている通り、Comctl32.dll's SetWindowSubclassRemoveWindowSubclassのプラットフォーム呼び出し (P/Invoke) に関するMicrosoftの推奨事項に従ってください。プロジェクトにこの変更を加えるために、サブクラス化にNativeWindowが使用されている所ではどこでもNativeWindowthinkcell.SubclassedWindow.csに置き換えることができます。

using System;
using System.Diagnostics;

namespace thinkcell
{

    internal enum BOOL : int
    {
        FALSE = 0,
        TRUE = 1,
    }

    internal static partial class ComCtl32
    {
        public delegate IntPtr SUBCLASSPROC(
            IntPtr hWnd,
            int msg,
            IntPtr wParam,
            IntPtr lParam,
            UIntPtr uIdSubclass,
            UIntPtr dwRefData
        );

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.DllImport("comctl32.dll", ExactSpelling = true)]
        public static extern BOOL SetWindowSubclass(
            IntPtr hWnd,
            IntPtr pfnSubclass,
            UIntPtr uIdSubclass,
            UIntPtr dwRefData
        );

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.DllImport("comctl32.dll", ExactSpelling = true)]
        public static extern BOOL RemoveWindowSubclass(
            IntPtr hWnd,
            IntPtr pfnSubclass,
            UIntPtr uIdSubclass
        );

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.DllImport("comctl32.dll", ExactSpelling = true)]
        public static extern IntPtr DefSubclassProc(
            IntPtr hWnd,
            int msg,
            IntPtr wParam,
            IntPtr lParam
        );
    }

    class SubclassedWindow : MarshalByRefObject, System.Windows.Forms.IWin32Window
    {
        // prevents collection of SubclassedWindow that is still in use
        static private System.Collections.Generic.HashSet<SubclassedWindow> _instancesInUse = new System.Collections.Generic.HashSet();

        // The number of uses we still have for this instances:
        // - some window attached, or
        // - inside a window procedure
        private int _uses = 0;

        // Our window procedure delegate
        private ComCtl32.SUBCLASSPROC _windowProc;

        // The native handle for our delegate
        private IntPtr _windowProcHandle;

        static SubclassedWindow()
        {
            AppDomain.CurrentDomain.ProcessExit += OnShutdown;
        }

        public SubclassedWindow()
        {
            _windowProc = new ComCtl32.SUBCLASSPROC(Callback);
            _windowProcHandle = System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.GetFunctionPointerForDelegate(_windowProc);
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Gets the handle for this window.
        /// </summary>
        public IntPtr Handle { get; private set; }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Assigns a handle to this <see cref="NativeWindow"/> instance.
        /// </summary>
        public void AssignHandle(IntPtr handle)
        {
            CheckReleased();
            Debug.Assert(handle != IntPtr.Zero, "handle is 0");

            if (0 == _uses)
            {
                lock(_instancesInUse)
                {
                    _instancesInUse.Add(this);
                }
            } // else may happen if handle gets reassigned inside WndProc.
            // This is legal after any call to DefWndProc.

            ++_uses;
            Handle = handle;

            ComCtl32.SetWindowSubclass(handle, _windowProcHandle, UIntPtr.Zero, UIntPtr.Zero);
            OnHandleChange();
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Window message callback method. Control arrives here when a window
        ///  message is sent to this Window. This method packages the window message
        ///  in a Message object and invokes the WndProc() method. A WM_NCDESTROY
        ///  message automatically causes the ReleaseHandle() method to be called.
        /// </summary>
        private IntPtr Callback(
            IntPtr hWnd,
            int msg,
            IntPtr wParam,
            IntPtr lParam,
            UIntPtr uIdSubclass,
            UIntPtr dwRefData
        )
        {
            Debug.Assert(0 < _uses);
            ++_uses;

            try
            {
                var m = System.Windows.Forms.Message.Create(hWnd, msg, wParam, lParam);
                WndProc(ref m);
                return m.Result;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                OnThreadException(e);
                return IntPtr.Zero;
            }
            finally
            {
                if (msg == 0x82/*WM_NCDESTROY*/ && Handle != IntPtr.Zero) {
                    InternalReleaseHandle();
                }
                if (0 == --_uses)
                {
                    lock (_instancesInUse)
                    {
                        _instancesInUse.Remove(this);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Raises an exception if the window handle is not zero.
        /// </summary>
        private void CheckReleased()
        {
            if (Handle != IntPtr.Zero)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException("Window handle already exists.");
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Invokes the default window procedure associated with this Window. It is
        ///  an error to call this method when the Handle property is zero.
        /// </summary>
        public void DefWndProc(ref System.Windows.Forms.Message m)
        {
            Debug.Assert(m.HWnd==Handle, "SubclassedWindow is not attached to the window m is addressed to.");
            m.Result = ComCtl32.DefSubclassProc(m.HWnd, m.Msg, m.WParam, m.LParam);
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Specifies a notification method that is called when the handle for a
        ///  window is changed.
        /// </summary>
        protected virtual void OnHandleChange()
        {
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  On class load, we connect an event to Application to let us know when
        ///  the process or domain terminates.  When this happens, we attempt to
        ///  clear our window class cache.  We cannot destroy windows (because we don't
        ///  have access to their thread), and we cannot unregister window classes
        ///  (because the classes are in use by the windows we can't destroy).  Instead,
        ///  we move the class and window procs to DefWndProc
        /// </summary>
        [System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution.PrePrepareMethod]
        private static void OnShutdown(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // No lock because access here should be race-free, no concurrent SubclassedWindow.AttachHandle/ReleaseHandle
            // should happen while shutting down.
            Debug.Assert(0 == _instancesInUse.Count);
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  When overridden in a derived class, manages an unhandled thread exception.
        /// </summary>
        protected virtual void OnThreadException(Exception e)
        {
        }

        private void InternalReleaseHandle()
        {
            Debug.Assert(Handle != IntPtr.Zero);
            ComCtl32.RemoveWindowSubclass(Handle, _windowProcHandle, UIntPtr.Zero);
            Handle = IntPtr.Zero;
            OnHandleChange();
            --_uses;
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Releases the handle associated with this window.
        /// </summary>
        public void ReleaseHandle()
        {
            if (Handle != IntPtr.Zero) {
                InternalReleaseHandle();
                if (0 == _uses)
                {
                    lock (_instancesInUse)
                    {
                        _instancesInUse.Remove(this);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Invokes the default window procedure associated with this window.
        /// </summary>
        protected virtual void WndProc(ref System.Windows.Forms.Message m)
        {
            DefWndProc(ref m);
        }
    }
}

SubclassedWindow.csをダウンロード

制限事項:

  • 元の NativeWindow はウィンドウも作成できますが、同じ NativeWindow のインスタンスでサブクラス化と組み合わせて使用されることはほとんどありません。
  • thinkcell.SubclassedWindow はスレッドセーフではありませんが、サブクラス化とメッセージの処理は通常同じスレッドで行われます。

thinkcell.SubclassWindow の使用に問題がある場合は、当社までお問い合わせください。

シェア

think-cell は、本サイトの機能、パフォーマンス、セキュリティを強化するためクッキーを使用します。本ウェブサイトのすべての機能をお使いいただくには、お客様の同意が必要となります。think-cell によるクッキーの使用およびお客様のプライバシー権に関する詳細は、当社のプライバシーポリシーでご確認いただけます。